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Types of Dental Diseases

Posted on 6/15/2024 by Dan O'Leary DDS
a close up of healthy gums and pearly teethInadequate oral hygiene can lead to various dental issues, ranging from cavities and tooth sensitivity to more severe conditions like advanced gum disease. Fortunately, adopting proper oral hygiene practices and attending regular dental checkups can effectively prevent the majority of dental problems.

Tooth Decay

When tooth decay develops, it begins with the formation of plaque, a sticky bacterial film, on the tooth surface. These bacteria metabolize sugars from food, producing acids that erode the protective enamel layer, leaving the tooth vulnerable. As the acids continue attacking your teeth, they penetrate the softer dentin layer beneath the enamel. This deterioration process can result in the formation of cavities or small holes in the teeth. Toothaches may accompany this decay, especially when consuming hot, cold, or sugary foods and drinks.


Gingivitis is the first stage of gum disease caused by bacteria gathering in plaque on your gums. Signs include red, swollen gums that bleed easily, bad breath, and sensitive teeth when chewing. Not brushing well or having crooked teeth can make it worse. Other risks include smoking, pregnancy, and diabetes.


If not addressed, gingivitis can progress to a more serious condition known as periodontitis. In periodontitis, pockets form in the gums and become infected. This infection can harm the bone and tissue supporting the teeth, leading to further damage.

Bad Breath

Bad breath, or halitosis, ranks among the most prevalent dental concerns and is often quite bothersome. Its origins can be from various factors, including inadequate oral hygiene, a dry mouth, certain medications, infections, acid reflux, and even conditions like cancer.

Sensitive Teeth

When the protective enamel of your teeth wears down, exposing the underlying dentin, you may experience sensitivity to hot and cold foods and drinks. Dentin, which lies beneath the enamel, contains tiny tubes that lead to the nerve deep inside the tooth. When hot or cold substances come into contact with the dentin, they can travel through these tubes, reaching the nerve and triggering sharp pain. If you have any of the above dental issues, you can always contact us for professional management.
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Oak Park Dental, 3380 Astoria Way NE, Salem, OR 97305 | (971) 600-0211 | | 7/16/2024 | Page Terms:dentist Salem OR |